Most people have electricity as their only power source to their homes. Though it is very efficient, the downside of it is that it is expensive, more so if you have many appliances that use electricity.
Good news is that there are options you can opt for to have power in your home.
Alternative energy options for a home include:
- Solar Systems
- Wind Systems
- Biomass Energy
Photovoltaic (PV)/Solar Systems
This kind of system makes use of photovoltaic panels to transform energy from the sun into electricity. The mechanism behind its functionality is that there are lots of solar cells in the panels which absorb the sunlight, under a process called photoelectric effect. It is this process that generated electrical currents which are retained in a circuit found in solar panels. Once the circuit is connected to the home one, electricity is distributed.
It is proven that a properly installed solar system on the roof of a house is capable of providing enough electricity for a home to be energy sufficient. When more PV system is installed, there can be a surplus of power to the extent of selling some of it to other consumers.
The solar system is best fit to be used in places where electricity has not yet reached and places where the sun dominates all year round.
Advantages of using solar power.
- It is a renewable source of energy
- It is clean and does not pollute the environment
- It can be employed in lighting and heating in homes
Disadvantages of solar power
- It can result to be costly when purchasing and installing
- No energy will be produces if there is no sunshine.
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This renewable source of energy is created by the wind which is harnessed by turbine blades making them rotate. When propelled, turbine blades produce alternating current and voltage in an electric generator. Afterwards, the alternating current is transformed to direct current which is stored in batteries that are found in an installed circuit in the house.
Advantages of wind energy
- It is a clean source of energy that has zero pollution to the environment
- Because it is renewable, it will not run out
- It does not need a space for its own as other things like farming can still be done where it is installed
- It is inconsistent where there is no wind blowing
- Cost of purchasing and installing is relatively high.
This renewable type of energy is created when waste products and biological materials are converted to other forms that can be utilised in heating and generating power. These materials used to produce biomass are plants, crops, wood, home waste, and agricultural waste. When being produced, it does not produce greenhouse gases.
Advantages of biomass energy
- Emissions produced are not harmful. The gases produced are natural and have no side effects when being used to provide energy
- It is a clean source of energy
- It is renewable meaning that it abundant does not get finished
- It is used to reduce landfills by turning it into a source of energy
What to consider when choosing an energy option for your home?
- The working principle of the system
- Purchasing, maintenance and installation costs
- Rules, codes, and regulations to be followed
- The required system size.
- Location to be installed
Read more on this topic by visiting the government website !